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Landscaping

Evergreens

Evergreen landscape trees and shrubs retain their needles or foliage year-round, making them an excellent addition to local yards for winter color. Textures and colors of evergreens vary, from silver-blue junipers to deep green spruce, with plenty of options to complement existing landscaping.

In addition to four season color, evergreens are often chosen for their distinct scent, or to create a windbreak or living fence. When choosing your evergreen from our Rapid City nursery, be sure to consider the adult height and spread of the tree, as most are difficult to prune. Evergreens should be planted in early fall, to give the tree time to adjust before the first hard freeze of the season.

Featured evergreen:

Picea meyeri ‘Meyers Spruce’

The Meyer’s Spruce is a medium growing, dark-green spruce with short needles. It is virtually identical to the Colorado Blue Spruce, but is more resistant to pests and disease. Its shape, blue-green color and excellent needle retention make it ideal as an ornamental, and its growth rate (which is not fast but results in fairly dense growth) is well suited to create windbreaks and privacy screens.

Meyer’s Spruce are native to China, but they are commonly grown and planted throughout the United States. The tree is hardy to zone 3 and flourishes in the northern part of the United States. While Meyer’s Spruce needs full sun, it can grow in both light and heavier soils, with a wide range of soil acidity. They can reach a mature height of 40 feet, which is less than other popular spruces, making them ideal for locations where height is an issue. They are a good alternative to the traditional Colorado spruce for western South Dakota.

Meyers SpruceMeyers Spruce. Photo: exoticconifer.com

Inventory

Evergreens 2017
Common Name
Genus species 'Cultivar'
Mature Plant Size Bloom Time / Color Hardiness Zone Exposure Other

4.5" Fanciful Garden Evergreens
Northern package assortment.
Golden Mops False Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Golden Mop'
Gold, thread-like foliage. Full sun for best color. Moist soil. Protect from winter winds. Slow growing.
H: 3-4 ft
W: 4 ft
Golden Pin Cushion False Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Golden Pin Cushion'
Dense, low spreading evergreen with a bright yellow color (if in sun). Easy, resilient, and hardy.
H: 1.5 ft
W: 2 ft
4-8 Sun Part

Fanciful Garden Evergreens
Miniscape Package Assortment
Sea of Gold Juniper
Juniperus chinensis 'Sea of Gold'
Compact evergreen an excellent choice as a colorful accent. Gold-yellow color is retained and deepens in winter better than other gold-tipped varieties
H: 3 ft
W: 4 ft
Summer: Gold-yellow
3-9
Mint Julep Juniper
Juniperus chinensis 'Mint Julep'
Large juniper, perfect for privacy hedge or wind break. Full sun.
H: 4-6 ft
W: 6-8 ft
Deer Resistant
Sea Green Juniper
Juniperus chinensis 'Sea Green'
Fountain-like arching branches. Graceful.
H: 4-6 ft
W: 4-6 ft
Deer Resistant
Gold Cone Juniper
Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone'
Slow growing conifer tree which typically reaches maturity after 10 years.
H: 10 ft
W: 2 ft
Hughes Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Hughes'
Silvery blue juniper with a wide spread.
H: 15 in
W: 6-8 ft
Deer Resistant
Blue Chip Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Chip'
Prostrate juniper with outstanding blue color all season.
H: 8-10 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Blue Prince Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Prince'
Known for its nice blue hue. Good for draping over walls.
H: 6 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Lime Glow Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Lime Glow'
Electric yellow foliage spreading into a striking vase shape.
H: 1-2 ft
W: 4-8 ft
Deer Resistant
Prince of Wales Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince of Wales'
Low growing, forming a dense mat. Medium bright green.
H: 6 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Blue Rug Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis 'Wilton Blue Rug
Dense mat of tight blue needles. Full sun to light shade.
H: 4-6 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Japanese Garden Juniper
Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'
Creeping growth habit. Tight, compact needles.
H: 4-6 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Tamarix Juniper
Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia'
Densely branched green spreading juniper.
H: 18 in
W: 5-6 ft
Deer Resistant
Buffalo Juniper
Juniperus sabina 'Buffalo'
Soft feathery branches. low spreading form. Rich green color. Very hardy.
H: 12-15 in
W: 3-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Calgary Carpet Juniper
Juniperus sabina 'Calgary Carpet'
Short, wide, soft green juniper. Makes a nice ground cover.
H: 6-9 in
W: 10 ft
Deer Resistant
Rocky Mountain Juniper
Juniperus scopularum
Rugged, pyramidal. Perfect for hot, dry sites. Excellent for wind break or privacy.
H: 20-30 ft
W: 15-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Cologreen Juniper
Juniperus scopularum 'Cologreen'
Cologreen has soft, delicate, light green foliage. Fairly fast grower and tolerates dryer soil.
H: 20-25 ft
W: 6-8 ft
3-7 Sun Deer Resistant
Tolleson's Weeping Blue Juniper
Juniperus scopularum 'Tolleson's Weeping Blue Juniper'
Nice weeping habit. Drought tough.
H: 15 ft
W: 5 ft
3-9 Sun
Medora Juniper
Juniperus scopularum 'Medora'
Columnar, pyramidal compact form with good blue green foliage.
H: 10-12 ft
W: 2-3 ft
Deer Resistant
Witchita Blue Juniper
Juniperus scopularum 'Witchita Blue'
Compact narrow upright habit is well suited to artistic pruning.
H: 10-15 ft
W: 6-10 ft
Deer Resistant
Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana
This South Dakota plains native is good as a wind break or hedge. Can tolerate a wide range of soils.
H: 30-50 ft
W: 8-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Weeping Juniper
Juniperus virginiana 'Pendula'
Weeping branches that are light green. Withstands a wide variety of soils and growing conditions.
H: 10-15 ft
W: 10-15 ft
Deer Resistant
Blue Arrow Juniper
Juniperus virginiana 'Blue Arrow'
Cold hardy alternative. Improved variety produces bright, blue foliage on a tight, narrow, and upright form.
H: 12-15 ft
W: 2-3 ft
Deer Resistant
Skyrocket Juniper
Juniperus virginiana 'Skyrocket'
Probably the most narrow columnar juniper available.
H: 15 ft
W: 2 ft
Deer Resistant
Elegans Nest Spruce
Picea abies 'Elegans'
Dense, dark green, flat topped evergreen. Bright green new growth. Nice garden accent.
H: 2 ft
W: 4 ft
3-7 Sun
Formanek Spruce
Picea abies 'Formanek'
Forms a dense mat of foliage and will creep over and around rocks. If staked up it has a pendulous habit.
H: 4 ft
W: 8 ft
3-7 Sun
Fat Cat Norway Spruce
Picea abies 'Fat Cat'
Extremely slow growing. Does best with moist, humus rich soil, out of winter wind.
H: 5 ft
W: 5 ft
Deer Resistant
Little Gem Spruce
Picea abies 'Little Gem'
Average water. Needs full sun.
H: 12-18 in
W: 24-36 in
Deer Resistant
Birdsnest Spruce
Picea abies 'Nidiformis'
Dense and slow growing. Does best in full sun and protection from winter winds.
H: 3 ft
W: 2-3 ft
Dwarf Norway Spruce
Picea abies 'Pumila'
Nest-type green spruce is a true dwarf for small gardens.
H: 3-4 ft
W: 3-4 ft
Deer Resistant
The Limey White Spruce
Picea glauca 'The Limey'
New growth is bright lime green but as summer progress, it becomes two-toned. Faster growing with short needles.
H: 15 ft
W: 12 ft
Summer: Yellow-green
2 Sun
Dwarf Alberta Spruce-conical
Picea glauca 'Conica'
Popular dwarf conifer, that likes protection from winter wind. Small, tight needles.
H: 10-12 ft
W: 5-10 ft
Deer Resistant
Black Hills Spruce
Picea glauca 'Densata'
Native to South Dakota. Can tolerate some drought.
H: 30-50 ft
W: 20-30 ft
Deer Resistant
Picea glauca Jeans Dilly
Picea glauca 'Jean's Dilly'
Forms a perfect cone shape and never needs to be sheared.
H: 2-5 ft
W: 1-3 ft
Deer Resistant
White Weeping Spruce
Picea glauca 'Pendula'
Weeping selection from Ontario with gray-green needles.
H: 6-15 ft
W: 2-5 ft
Deer Resistant
Meyers Spruce
Picea meyerii
Hardier than Colorado Spruce can tolerate windy locations.
H: 40-60 ft
W: 10-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Bruns Serbian Spruce
Picea omorika 'Pendula Bruns'
Tall, narrow tree. Tolerant of dry conditions.
H: 40-50 ft
W: 15-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Aureospicata Spruce
Picea orientalis 'Aureospicata'
Bright yellow new growth. Needles mature to a deep green.
H: 40-50 ft
W: 25-30 ft
Colorado Green Spruce
Picea pungens
Very stiff, horizontal branches forming a broad pyramid.
H: 50 ft
W: 25 ft
Deer Resistant
Colorado Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'Glauca'
Blue colored conifer. Makes a nice background plant.
H: 40-60 ft
W: 10-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Globe Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'Globosa'
Compact, mound-shaped with deep blue foliage.
H: 3-5 ft
W: 5-6 ft
Deer Resistant
Sester Dwarf Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'Sester Dwf'
A densely branched, conical shape. Striking blue needles. Slow growing.
H: 11 ft
W: 5 ft
2 Sun
Baby Blue Eyes Spruce
Picea pungens 'Baby Blue Eye's'
Dwarf Spruce, with extremely blue needles. Slow growing.
H: 15 ft
W: 7 ft
Bacheri Spruce
Picea pungens 'Bacheri'
Bright blue needles. Pyramid form. Full Sun.
H: 20-30 ft
W: 20 ft
Deer Resistant
Blue Diamond Spruce
Picea pungens 'Blue Diamond'
Intense blue colored needles with a silver overlay. Protect from harsh winter wind.
H: 25 ft
W: 20 ft
Fat Albert Spruce
Picea pungens 'Fat Albert'
A truly blue Spruce. Ideal for situations where you don't need a Spruce that gets 60 ft tall.
H: 15 ft
W: 8-10 ft
Deer Resistant
Colorado Blue/Green Mix Spruce
Picea pungens 'Glauca Mix'
Blue and green Colorado spruce. Large upright tree used for wind breaks or privacy.
H: 40-60 ft
W: 10-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Hoops Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'Hoopsii'
The soft, silvery, blue-gray new foliage tuns to a blue-green as it ages.
H: 30-60 ft
W: 10-20 ft
Deer Resistant
Montgomery Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'Montgomery'
Montgomery is a dwarf cultivar that is slow-growing and has silvery-gray-blue needles.
H: 4-5 ft
W: 2-3 ft
Deer Resistant
St. Mary's Broom Blue Spruce
Picea pungens 'St. Mary's Broom'
Tight mounding habit, bright blue needles. Very slow growing.
H: 2-3 ft
W: 3-4 ft
Deer Resistant
Mops Mugo Pine
Pinus mugo 'Mops'
Slow growing, keeps its shape will and never needs trimming.
H: 2-4 ft
W: 2-4 ft
Pumilio Mugo Pine
Pinus mugo 'Pumilo'
Prostrate grower from mountains of Europe.
H: 3-5 ft
W: 6-10 ft
Slowmound Mugo Pine
Pinus mugo 'Slowmound'
Very compact, dense mound of dark green needles.
H: 3-5 ft
W: 6-10 ft
Ground Cover Mugo
Pinus Mugo 'Valley Cushion'
Very compact dense pine stays low and flat. Requires little or no pruning.
H: 3-5 in
W: 2-3 ft
Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra
Darkest green of all the pines. Fuller habit than Ponderosa.
H: 50-60 ft
W: 20-40 ft
Deer Resistant
Ponderosa Pine
Pinus ponderosa
Black Hills native.
H: 60-80 ft
W: 25-30 ft
Sun Deer Resistant
Scotch Pine
Pinus silvestris
Fast growing with an open, rounded crown. Known for its attractive, flaky, orange/red brown bark.
H: 30-60 ft
W: 30-40 ft
Upright Yew
Taxus media 'Citation'
Upright evergreen features dark green foliage on very narrow, columnar form.
H: 6-10 ft
W: 3-6 ft
4-7 Part
Spreading Yew
Taxus media 'Dark Green Spreading'
Long lived and low maintenance. Needs well drained soil. Prefers to be out of winter wind.
H: 3-5 ft
W: 6-8 ft
Densiformis Yew
Taxus media 'Densiformis'
Fast growing with high shade tolerance.
H: 3 ft
W: 6 ft
Golden Globe Arborvitae
Thuja occidentalis 'Golden Globe'
Very dense golden yellow foliage. Globe shaped.
H: 2-4 ft
W: 2-4 ft
Hetz Midget Arborvitai
Thuja occidentalis 'Hetz Midget'
Globe shaped arborvitae requires no pruning.
H: 2 ft
W: 2 ft
Holmstrup Arborvitae
Thuja occidentalis 'Holmstrup'
Slow growing, compact, upright evergreen.
H: 5 ft
W: 2 ft
Rushmore Arborvitae
Thuja occidentalis 'Rushmore'
Dark green needles form a dense upright shape.
H: 12-20 ft
W: 3-5 ft

See Also: Trees